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IoT and Drones for Agriculture

Authors: Steve Zerafa, ,
  • Institute: Institute of Engineering and Transport
  • Symposium: Emerging Technology and Creative Innovation
  • Day: 2 , Session: 2 , Location: Auditorium
  • Session Type: Medium 15 min (Presentation of ongoing research developments and findings) , Start: 12:30 , End: 12:55

Abstract

In the Mediterranean region major food chain industries, starting from manufacturing companies and going down to farmers are facing serious numerous threats, including water scarcity because of climate change, lack of rainfall, changing patterns of the traditional weather seasons, more crop diseases, longer summers days and extra heat stress. Moreover, there is a huge lack of interest from the younger generations to work in the farming sector. With less people entering the farming profession, most farms are facing the challenge of a workforce shortage. Traditionally farms have needed many workers, mostly seasonal, to harvest crops and keep farms productive. However, as we have moved away from being an agrarian society with large quantities of people living and working in farms, now large quantities of people are living in urban areas, and moreover less people are able and willing to tend to the land. One solution to help with this shortage of workers is AI agriculture tools. The National Statistics Office in Malta shows that the number of young full-time farmers is relatively small. Only 7% of farmers are aged under 30

The Crop Intelligent Tools project aims to create innovative AI tools to assist farmers and improve their efficiency by the se of technology by; (i) using less water and fertilisation substances during irrigation due to higher precision of the amount of water actually needed, (ii) generate more yield, (iii) create scientific measurements for a long manual measurement tradition, (iv) semi automate various manual tasks within the industry, and (v) digitally monitor climate change and effects on agriculture.